American anthropologist and psychologist, author of Coming of Age in Samoa, and Curator of Ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History. While President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1975 she presided over the passage of a AAAS policy statement deploring discrimination against gay and lesbian scientists. Mead helped pioneer, through cross-cultural studies, greater understanding for the natural variety of sexual behaviors that occur in human societies.
Bruce Voeller is an American biologist and AIDS researcher who pioneered the use of nonoxynol-9 as a spermicide and topical virus-transmission preventative. He established the Mariposa foundation to conduct human sexuality research, placing special emphasis on reducing the risks of sexually transmitted diseases. At the time of his death, Voeller’s research centered on the reliability of various brands of condoms in preventing the spread of diseases, and on viral leakage studies for the then-recently approved “female condom”.
Sally Kristen Ride was an American astronaut, physicist, and engineer. Born in Los Angeles, she joined NASA in 1978 and became the first American woman and LGBTQ person in space in 1983. Ride was the third woman in space overall. Ride remains the youngest American astronaut to have traveled to space, having done so at the age of 32. After flying twice on the Orbiter Challenger, she left NASA in 1987.
Emma Haruka Iwao
Emma Haruka Iwao is a Japanese computer scientist and cloud developer advocate at Google. In 2019 Haruka Iwao calculated the world's most accurate value of pi - which included 31.4 trillion digits, far past the previous record of 22 trillion.
Alan L. Hart was an American physician, radiologist, tuberculosis researcher, writer and novelist. He was in 1917–18 one of the first trans men to undergo hysterectomy and gonadectomy in the United States, and lived the rest of his life as a man. He pioneered the use of x-ray photography in tuberculosis detection, and helped implement TB screening programs that saved thousands of lives.
Lynn Conway is an electrical engineer and computer science expert, renowned for her pioneering work in microelectronic chip design. She's been called the "hidden hand" in the 1980s microchip design revolution that made today's personal computers and smartphones possible. After a lifetime struggling as living as a man, Conway made the decision to undergo gender reassignment surgery to become a woman, resulting in IBM firing her for her 'choices'. In 2009, the LGBT rights charity Stonewall named her as one of the Stonewall 40 Trans Heroes.
This award-winning geologist is famed for his application of geological science to environmental issues, making geoscience more accessible and understandable, and was one of the first scientists to highlight the role of plate tectonics in earthquakes to the public. It was when he was accepting a Distinguished Career Award from the Geological Society of America that he came out as being gay, after which he worked hard to convince his fellow scientists to accept and encourage gay students.
Laurence Michael Dillon was a British physician, famed for his work on ethics and medicine. He is the first person known to have transitioned from female to male both hormonally and surgically. In 1946 Dillon published Self: A Study in Ethics and Endocrinology, a book about what would now be called transgender, though that term had not been coined yet.
Dr. Sara Josephine Baker
Sara Josephine Baker was an American physician notable for making contributions to public health, especially in the immigrant communities of New York City. Her fight against the damage that widespread urban poverty and ignorance caused to children, especially newborns, is perhaps her most lasting legacy. Dr. Baker was an accomplished early 20th century scientist who lived with female partners all her life.
Turing was an English Mathematician, Computer Scientist, Logician and Theoretical Biologist. Turing was a famous WWII code breaker and helped develop the machine that allowed the Allies to decipher the Enigma Code. It is estimated that his work helped shorten WWII by up to two years and saved up to 14 million lives. He is considered the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence. His Turing Machine is considered to be the predecessor of the modern computer. Turing was arrested in 1952, as homosexuality was illegal at the time. In 2013, Queen Elizabeth II officially pardoned Turing posthumously. In 2019, The New York Times created an obituary for him, 65 years after his death. Learn more about that here.