For Educators

Can You Stand the Pressure
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Learn About

chemistry | pressure

Materials Needed

1 undamaged, pre-rinsed, empty soda can; large bowl of cool tap water; stove in a kitchen; pot holder; frying pan; oven mitts

Procedure

1. With the supervision of an adult, place the frying pan on a burner near the front of the stove.

2. Turn the handle towards the inside so it won’t get caught on anything. Set the heat to the low or medium-low setting.

3. Place 2 tablespoons of water in the soda can.

4. Set the can on the frying pan to heat the water inside.

5. While the can is heating, fill the bowl two-thirds full with tap water and set it on your work area.

6. When you see steam coming out of the soda can, you are ready to perform the experiment. (BE CAREFUL!)

7. Wearing the oven mitts, carefully set the frying pan on the potholder next to the bowl of water.

8. Quickly pick up the soda can and turn it upside down into the bowl of water. What happens?

9. Lift the can out of the water. What do you notice?

Experience

Now, explore! Do the procedures again and notice what happens... observing even the smallest details.

What's Going On

Matter is all around us. It is anything that takes up space and has mass (that means weight). Normally matter exists in one of four forms called states or phases of matter. They are: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. When you bring the water in the frying pan to a boil, you are changing the water from a liquid state to a gaseous state. As a gas, the water takes up more space, filling the can with water vapor, and pushing the air out of the can. When you turn the soda can upside down in the cold water, the lower temperature forces the water vapor in the can to turn back into a liquid state. Since the liquid water takes up less space than the gaseous water, much of the can is now empty of matter — creating a vacuum. Air (and water from the bowl) rush in to fill the space, crushing the can

Ohio Content Standards

Physical Science: 4.1, 4.4, 4.5
OSIC Codes: Y2002.CSC.S03.G03-05.BB.L04.I01; Y2002.CSC.S03.G03-05.BB.L04.I04; Y2002.CSC.S03.G03-05.BB.L04.I05
  • Added: November 29, 2011
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